Indo-Gangetic Basin

Strengthening simulation approaches for understanding, projecting, and managing climate risks in stress-prone environments across the central and eastern Indo-Gangetic Basin

This project focuses on cereal crop production regions in the Central and Eastern Indo-Gangetic Basin (approximated by the oval in Fig.). Agricultural simulation and climate modelers are teaming up with socio-economic scientists in Northern India, Nepal and Bangladesh, in partnership with AgMIP. Together, they will establish a multi-model framework of calibrated agricultural impact models to assess climate impacts. Climate, benchmark soil, and crop cultivar data are assembled for a set of crop models in each major production domain, and AgMIP Protocols are followed to simulate contemporary and future climate risks. The intent is to make a lasting contribution to methodologies for adapting agricultural systems to current and projected climate risks in South Asia.

The AgMIP Indo-Gangetic Basin Project is led by Dr. B. Gangwar, Project Director for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Farming Systems Research Project Directorate (FSRPD). Additional investigators include Drs. N. Subash of ICAR/FSRPD; A. Das of ICAR Research Complex for the NEH Region; S.K. Ghulam Hussain from Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council; R. Darai from Nepal Agricultural Research Council, and A. McDonald of CIMMYT—South Asia Regional Office in Kathmandu Nepal.

This research strengthens simulation approaches for understanding, projecting, and managing climate risks in stress-prone environments across the Central and Eastern Indo-Gangetic Basin. The project team is also evaluating promising adaptation strategies, suggesting areas for model improvement, developing a qualitative summary of the non-climate drivers of change, and, analyzing different policy scenarios by integrating an economic model with the crop simulation models. The project includes the creation of a synchronized database on climate, soil and crop information for the region for other researchers and experts to utilize in their own integrated analyses. The goal is to strengthen and broaden collaborative research in agricultural systems for this region.