Indo-Gangetic Basin

IGB

Research Summary

Location: Meerut, India
Crops: Rice and Wheat
Models: DSSAT, APSIM, LivSim, and InfoCrop
Farm System: Rice-wheat, livestock
Economic Strata: Single strata (small farms)
Possible Adaptation: Rice – Short duration varieties; Wheat – 10-day advancement of wheat sowing; Short duration varieties – with less water requirement

Location: Karnal, India
Crops: Rice and wheat
Models: DSSAT, APSIM, LivSim, and InfoCrop
Farm System: Rice-wheat, livestock
Economic Strata: Two strata: with and without livestock
Possible Adaptation: Rice – Short-duration, high-yielding varieties; Wheat – 10-day advancement of wheat sowing

Location: Faizabad, India
Crops: Rice and wheat
Models: DSSAT, APSIM and InfoCrop
Farm System: Rice-wheat
Economic Strata: Single strata (small farms)
Possible Adaptation: Sustainable use of water – proper utilization of groundwater to increase productivity; Use of short duration/ high yielding varieties; Balanced/ recommended use of fertilizer

Location: Samastipur, India
Crops: Rice and wheat
Models: DSSAT, APSIM and InfoCrop
Farm System: Rice-wheat
Possible Adaptation: Sustainable use of water – proper utilization of groundwater to increase productivity; Use of short duration/ hig yielding varieties; Balanced/ recommended use of fertilizer

Location: Banke-Nepalganj, Nepal
Crops: Rice
Models: DSSAT and APSIM
Farm System: Rice-wheat
Economic Strata: Single strata (small farms)
Possible Adaptation: Advance wheat crop sowing by 20 days

Location: Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Crops: Rice and wheat
Models: DSSAT and APSIM
Farm System: Rice-wheat
Economic Strata: Single strata (small farms)
Possible Adaptation: Wheat: Increase irrigation amount by 50mm

Affiliated Institutions:
Indian Council of Agricultural Research       – Indian Institute of Farming
      (ICAR-IIFSR)
The Bangladesh Agricultural Research       Council
The Nepal Agricultural Research Council
The International Maize and Wheat       Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
Indian Council of Agricultural Research       – National Dairy Research Institute
Indian Council of Agricultural Research       – Agricultural Technology Application       Research Institute, Jodhpur

IGB Map

The Indo-Gangetic Basin is located across the northeastern border of India and includes portions of Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan. The region has seen increased variability in its monsoonal season along with more frequent extreme weather phenomena such as heat waves and intense rainfall. These anomalies can have major impacts of the agriculture industry in this part of the world. It is important to assess how climate change may play a role in continued seasonal variability going forward.

For the Ingo-Gangetic Basin, Phase 2 plans to apply simulation tools within major farming system ecologies of the central and eastern portions of the region. Through this, the goal is to better understand the linkages between agricultural productivity and impending climate change. By engaging with stakeholders within the Indo-Gangetic Basin region, the Team plans to more accurately understand these linkages and their connections with livelihood. From here, management and policy strategies can be listed out to determine the effective responses to the region’s changing conditions.

The Indo-Gangetic Project covers parts of three countries – Northern India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. At all sites, there will be expanded stakeholder dialogue which will result in meaningful and accurate integrated assessment. At the Meerut and Karnal sites, which were completed during Phase 1, Scientists will expand the model simulation of these sites. Phase 2 will incorporate the simulation of more crops, and will also integrate a livestock component. This will provide a more in-depth assessment of these two locations. Through all of this, strengthened research capabilities of researchers across South Asia for AgMIP Integrated assessment methodology will occur.

The Team plans to achieve its goals through various methodologies. The Team will keep in focus the economic models, farming systems, and development of RAPs within the region. They will also evaluate historical and future climate analysis along with delivering harmonized data. In addition, the team will ensure results and research are co-developed with stakeholders.

Indo-Gangetic Basin Team Members:
Nataraja Subash Lead PI
Harbir Singh Lead Economist
Gokul Paudel Economist
Mohar Singh Meena Stakeholder liaison
Sohan Vir Singh Livestock team
Balwinder Singh Crop Modeling
Abeed Hussain Chowdhury Geo-spatial analysis; Crop modeling
Rajendra Doraj Crop Modeling
Dinesh Tapa Economist; Nepal Stakeholder liaison
Kamrul Hassan Economist
Sohela Aktar Crop modeler
Gulam Hussain Crop modeler; Bangladesh stakeholder liaison